Woman receiving an injection

Health and social care

This work analyses the financing, organisation and the demand for health and social care. It studies how much the UK spends on health and social care, specific policies that affect the delivery of care, workforce issues, health inequalities and a wide set of determinants of demand for health and social care in the UK and in low and middle income countries.

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Showing 81 – 100 of 941 results

Journal graphic

Life expectancy inequalities in Hungary over 25 years: The role of avoidable deaths

Journal article

Using mortality registers and administrative data on income and population, we develop new evidence on the magnitude of life expectancy inequality in Hungary and the scope for health policy in mitigating this. We document considerable inequalities in life expectancy at age 45 across settlement-level income groups, and show that these inequalities have increased between 1991–96 and 2011–16 for both men and women. We show that avoidable deaths play a large role in life expectancy inequality. Income-related inequalities in health behaviours, access to care, and healthcare use are all closely linked to the inequality in life expectancy.

7 October 2021

Journal graphic

Different strokes for different folks? Experimental evidence on the effectiveness of input and output incentive contracts for health care providers with varying skills

Journal article

A central issue in designing incentive contracts is the decision to reward agents’ input use versus outputs. The trade-off between risk and return to innovation in production can also lead agents with varying skill levels to perform differentially under different con- tracts. We study this issue experimentally, observing and verifying inputs and outputs in Indian maternity care.

1 October 2021

An image of two women talking

Social care: what happens now?

In this episode we dig into the new announcement on social care funding, what it means, whether it will work and how it will affect people's care.

15 September 2021

Article graphic

The mess of our present health and tax systems is a product of history


Our social care system is the unfinished business of 1946 and the direct descendant of the poor law of 1834; the decision to fund it through a levy is a throwback to a time when we had a social insurance system. And that’s the trouble. If you want a rational system for tax, welfare and public spending, best not to start from here.

13 September 2021

Pressures on the NHS

Book Chapter
In this chapter, we assess the NHS’s starting point, in terms of its funding, resources and performance on the eve of the pandemic. We then turn to the pandemic-related pressures on the NHS over the next few years, and assess the adequacy of the government’s latest funding announcement by comparing it with our assessments of the scale of NHS funding pressures.

10 September 2021

Ambulance at hospital

The NHS before COVID

Ben Zaranko takes us through the state of the NHS on the eve of the COVID crisis.

8 September 2021


Could NHS waiting lists really reach 13 million?


This observation looks at how the numbers in England on the NHS waiting list changed before and during the pandemic and discusses the key factors that will affect how much they will grow in the near future.

8 August 2021

Working paper graphic

The economic costs of child maltreatment in UK

Working Paper

In this paper we quantify for the first time the economic costs of fatal and non-fatal child maltreatment in the UK in relation to several short-, medium- and long-term outcomes ranging from physical and mental health problems, to labour market outcomes and welfare use.

27 July 2021

Working paper graphic

Who should get vaccinated? Individualized allocation of vaccines over SIR network

Working Paper

How to allocate vaccines over heterogeneous individuals is one of the important policy decisions in pandemic times. This paper develops a procedure to estimate an individualized vaccine allocation policy under limited supply, exploiting social network data containing individual demographic characteristics and health status.

20 July 2021