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Fiscal facts: tax and benefits

This page provides links to facts and figures about UK taxes and benefits.

Information about taxes, including explainers of how taxes work and data on tax rates, can now be found at https://ifs.org.uk/taxlab/.

This note describes the UK benefit system:

The spreadsheets below give give current and historical benefit and tax credit rates, numbers of claimants and expenditure levels.

Benefits

Spending on benefits

UK expenditure on benefits
Nominal terms, real terms and % of GDP

Benefits for the unemployed
Benefits for the elderly

Retirement Pension
Rates and claimants
Pension Credit
Rates and claimants

Benefits for people on low incomes

Income Support and Supplementary Benefit
Personal allowances, premiums and claimants
Housing Benefit
Personal allowances, premiums and claimants
Council Tax Benefit
Personal allowances, premiums and claimants
Social Fund, including Winter Fuel Payments and Sure State Maternity Grants
Awards and amounts
Universal Credit
Allowances, premiums and claimants

Benefits for war and industrial injury and bereavement