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Living standards, poverty and inequality in the UK: 2019


At this event, IFS researchers presented the key findings from the latest in the series of flagship IFS annual reports on living standards, poverty and inequality in the UK. Funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, the report analysed living standards in the UK up to and including the latest year of data for 2017-18, while setting this in the context of the very latest developments in pay, employment and inflation. 

The report looks in detail at trends in incomes and poverty, at which groups are doing better or worse, and at the underlying role of factors such as developments in the labour market and changes to the tax and benefit system. In depth analysis includes work understanding trends in (and measures of) severe poverty, and analysis of why pensioner poverty and working poverty have increased.

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IFS Working Paper W19/12
Our new research examines the reason for the increased in-work relative poverty rate in Britain over the last 25 years, which has risen by almost 5 percentage points from 13% to 18%.
Press release
Between 1994 and 2017 there was an increase from 13% to 18% in the proportion of people in working households living in relative poverty (that’s an increase of 40%). So by 2017 8 million people in the UK living in working households were in relative poverty.
Newspaper article
Poverty, long associated with being out of work and with old age, is now mostly a phenomenon experienced by people who are actually in work or who are living in a household where someone is in work.