Laura is a Research Fellow of the IFS. Her current work focuses on tax and social protection policy and programme evaluation in developing countries. She is also a Research Associate with ODI, collaborating with the Development and Public Finance team.
She works closely with and is one of the founders of the Centre for Tax Analysis in Developing Countries (TAXDEV), delivered jointly by IFS and ODI since 2018. This programme aims at generating new research, analysis and in-country analytical capacity in tax and benefit policy and administration in (or of relevance to) lower- and middle-income countries. More recently she has focused on the role of tax and transfers in shaping income and time use gaps between genders across countries with different levels of development. She has also been involved in a range of programme evaluations, including around sanitation and water.
PhD Economics, University College London, 2015
MSc Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, 2003
BA (summa cum laude) Economics, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 2000
20 April 2021 at 02:00<p>Please see above for details on how to watch this event online.</p>
Sanitation gaps are a global problem that continue to affect large segments of developing Asia and the Pacific, despite the considerable progress of efforts to address it in recent decades. The COVID-19 crisis has further increased the importance of improving inclusive sanitation access and the lives of targeted users, especially across poor areas and vulnerable groups.
This webinar, co-organised by the Federal Ministry of Water Resources (FMWR), Covenant University (Nigeria), The World Bank, Royal Holloway University of London (RHUL, UK), and IFS, aimed to provide a platform for a deep dive on relevant evidence and lessons learnt from Nigeria and elsewhere to inform the Clean Nigeria Campaign.
This paper provides new evidence on the recent performance of piped water consumption subsidies in terms of pro-poor targeting for 10 low- and middle-income countries around the world. Our results suggest that in these countries, existing tariff structures fall well short of recovering the costs of service provision, and that, moreover, the resulting subsidies largely fail to achieve the goal of improving the accessibility and affordability of piped water among the poor.
There is no one-size-fits-all solution to fix the sanitation crisis. But our research suggests that a smart balance of microcredit, subsidies and behaviour change activities is likely to get us a good step closer.
This paper estimates ﬂexible child health production functions to investigate whether better water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices make nutrition intake more productive for children aged 6-24 months.
In November 2018, Nigeria declared that its water supply, sanitation and hygiene sector was in crisis. This was partly prompted by the fact that the country has struggled to make progress towards ending open defecation. Almost one in four Nigerians – around 50 million people – defecates in open areas.
In November last year, Nigeria declared that its water supply, sanitation and hygiene sector was in crisis. A community-level intervention aims to reduce open defecation and improve toilet coverage. So why does it work in some places and not others?
We study the effectiveness of a community-level information intervention aimed at reducing open defecation (OD) and increasing sanitation investments in Nigeria. The results of a cluster-randomized control trial conducted in 247 communities between 2014 and 2018 suggest that average impacts are exiguous.
Inadequate sanitation is a leading cause of poverty in developing countries, largely because it causes premature mortality. But policymakers in Nigeria still struggle to improve sanitation practices despite their importance to national health and poverty eradication strategies.
We study the effectiveness of a community-level information and mobilization intervention to reduce open defecation (OD) and increase sanitation investments in Nigeria. The results of a cluster-randomized control trial in 246 communities, conducted between 2014 and 2018, suggest that average impacts are exiguous.
This paper, written collaboratively by IFS researchers and policy-makers from Ethiopia and Ghana, has multiple and interlinked objectives: (i) to provide an overview of tax incentives and best practices for their design grounded in economic principles, and assess how these apply to the case studies of Ethiopia and Ghana; and (ii) to understand more broadly the causal impacts of tax incentives on economic outcomes in developing countries by reviewing the relevant methodologies to conduct rigorous quantitative analysis and the existing empirical literature. Finally, we discuss the policy implications and avenues for research given the existing literature on the causal impact of tax incentives.
23 March 2018 at 09:307 Ridgmount Street
Governments in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) need to raise sufficient tax revenues in order to invest in human and physical capital and expand social protection programmes. Such investments will be vital to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. But effective tax systems are about more than raising revenue, and understanding the distributional and behavioural impacts of policies is vital if policymakers are to ensure that their tax systems support inclusive growth and avoid potentially damaging economic distortions.
This paper, written collaboratively by IFS researchers and policy-makers from Ethiopia and Ghana, has multiple and interlinked objectives: (i) to provide an overview of tax incentives and best practices for their design grounded in economic principles, and assess how these apply to the case studies of Ethiopia and Ghana; and (ii) to understand more broadly the causal impacts of tax incentives on economic outcomes in developing countries by reviewing the relevant methodologies to conduct rigorous quantitative analysis and the existing empirical literature.
In this report, we focus on understanding the context for the Sanitation Marketing (SanMark) intervention and potential initial impacts, after its gradual development and roll-out to selected treatment areas in the Nigerian states of Ekiti and Enugu.