Francesca is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Università Cattolica in Milan and a Research Associate at IFS. Her fields of interest are Public Economics, Household Finance, and Macroeconomic Dynamics.
PhD Economics, University College London, 2019
MSc (Summa Cum Laude) Economics, Bocconi University, 2012
BSc (Summa Cum Laude) Economics, Bocconi University, 2010
In the early 1990s, average hourly wages were almost 30% lower for women than for men. The gender wage gap has come down, but it remains at around 20%. There are lots of reasons for the scale and persistence of this gap, but new work funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation shows that one important factor is that mothers spend less time in paid work, and more time working part-time, than do fathers. As a result, they miss out on earnings growth associated with more experience.
Despite some convergence, the gender pay gap remains large. In this study, we use BHPS-USoc data to document the evolution of the gender pay gap in the UK over the past 25 years and its association with fertility. We also investigate the potential role of various differences in career patterns between men and women and how they change with the arrival of the rst child.