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Home Research areas Inequality, poverty and living standards Annual reports on living standards, poverty and inequality in the UK

Annual reports on living standards, poverty and inequality in the UK

How have household incomes evolved over your lifetime? What is the gap between rich and poor? How many people are there in poverty? Which groups are most likely to face poverty? These questions are fundamental to understanding the living standards of households across the UK, and have long been the subject of research at the IFS. This page brings together key resources that are useful to the public in understanding how and why living standards have changed since 1961.

Annual Reports:

IFS researchers produce new research frequently to keep the analysis of the UK income distribution up to date. These reports also contain analysis of particular issues regarding household living standards that we investigate in much greater depth, and that are used as the basis for more academic projects at IFS.

     2019 2015 2011 2007 2003
  2018 2014 2010 2006 2002
  2017 2013 2009 2005 2001
2020 2016 2012 2008 2004 1997


This spreadsheet allows the public to see the how different measures of living standards, poverty and inequality have evolved over time. This combines data from Department for Work and Pension's Households Below Average Income series from 1994-95 with data produced by the IFS to measure the incomes and distribution of income in Britain since 1961.

Figures since 1961 are given for:

  • Household incomes
  • Income Inequality
  • Poverty
  • Child poverty
  • Pensioner poverty
  • Poverty for working-age parents
  • Poverty for working-age non-parents