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Alex Armand

Alex Armand

International Research Fellow


PhD Economics, University College London, 2014
MSc Economics, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Spain), 2006
BSc Economics, Università degli Studi di Torino (Italy), 2005

Alex Armand is an Assistant Professor at Nova School of Business and Economics, and a resident member at NOVAFRICA. His main research fields are Development Economics and Policy Evaluation. His current work focuses on the effect of providing education-related cash transfers on household outcomes, on the effect of local community engagement on natural resource management, on the role of media in reducing conflict, and on sanitation in urban slums. During his professional career has been leading research projects in Macedonia, Mozambique, India, Bolivia, Guatemala and Honduras. He consulted the World Bank and the Ministry of Social Policy in the FYR of Macedonia. He holds a PhD in Economics from the University College London.

Academic outputs

IFS Working Paper W19/01
The political resource curse is the idea that natural resources can lead to the deterioration of public policies through corruption and rent-seeking by those closest to political power. One prominent consequence is the emergence of conflict. This paper takes this theory to the data for the case of ...
Cemmap Working Paper CWP33/18
This paper studies the differential effect of targeting cash transfers to men or women on the structure of household expenditures on non-durables. We study a policy intervention in the Republic of Macedonia, offering cash transfers to poor households, conditional on having their children attending ...

Reports and comment

With no vaccination available, scientists recommend non-pharmaceutical interventions – in particular, handwashing, social distancing, and the shielding of elderly and vulnerable groups – as the only feasible way of suppressing the spread of COVID-19, and lessening its mortality rate. Such ...
IFS analysis shows that willingness to pay to use community toilets is low in slums in India but that this could potentially increase if the cleanliness and quality of the facility is improved.


Beyond development aid: Sanitation financing & revenue models in reuse (human) waste