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Xiaowei Xu

Xiaowei Xu

Senior Research Economist

MPhil Economics, University of Oxford, 2014
BA Philosophy, Politics and Economics (First class), University of Oxford, 2011

Xiaowei joined the IFS in 2018 and works in the Income, Work and Welfare sector. Her research focuses on inequalities in labour market outcomes and health. Before joining the IFS, she worked at McKinsey, the Gates Foundation and in economic consulting.

Academic outputs

IFS Working Paper W22/01
We review the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on inequalities in education, the labour market, household living standards, mental health, and wealth in the UK.
IFS Working Paper W21/48
We estimate the effect of the introduction of the UK’s National Living Wage in 2016, and increases in it up to 2019, using a new empirical method.

Reports and comment

In the year prior to the pandemic, nearly half of children in lone-parent families were in relative poverty – defined as having an income of less than 60% of median incomes adjusted for household size.
Top earners in finance have seen a sharp rise in pay in recent months, pushing up pay inequality in a reversal of pre-pandemic trends.


At this event, IFS researchers put the Levelling Up White Paper in context by outlining the current pattern of taxes and public spending around the country and presenting new work that looks at geographic inequalities in labour market outcomes.
Chancellor Rishi Sunak has announced his Autumn 2021 Budget and Spending Review on Wednesday 27 October. IFS researchers presented their initial analysis of the Chancellor's announcements on the public finances, spending on public services, and the tax and the benefit system today, Thursday 28 ...